What is a Disc Herniation, and How Do They Occur?

A disc herniation, also known as a slipped disc, is a condition in which the gel-like center of the spinal disc, known as the nucleus pulposus, ruptures or bulges outward and presses on the nerves surrounding the spine. This can cause pain, numbness, or weakness in the lower back and legs.

Disc herniations are most common in the lower back (lumbar spine) and the neck (cervical spine). They can occur suddenly due to a traumatic injury, or gradually over time from regular wear and tear.

The spine is made up of a series of vertebral bones stacked on top of one another. In between each vertebra is an intervertebral disc. The disc has a tough outer layer of cartilage, known as the annulus fibrosis, and a gel-like center, known as the nucleus pulposus. The disc provides cushioning and flexibility to the spine, allowing it to move in different directions.

When a disc herniation occurs, the nucleus pulposus pushes outward against the annulus fibrosis, causing it to bulge or rupture. This can cause the disc to press on the nerves surrounding the spine, leading to pain, numbness, or weakness.

Disc herniations can be caused by a variety of factors, including trauma, age-related wear and tear, and certain medical conditions. Traumatic injuries, such as falls, car accidents, and contact sports, can cause the annulus fibrosis to tear, allowing the nucleus pulposus to bulge outwards. Age-related wear and tear can also cause the disc to weaken and bulge outward. Finally, certain medical conditions, such as osteoarthritis, can cause the disc to become inflamed, leading to a disc herniation.

The symptoms of a disc herniation vary depending on where it occurs in the spine. Common symptoms include pain, numbness, and weakness in the lower back and legs. In some cases, the herniation may also cause radiating pain in the arms and hands. The pain may worsen with activities such as bending, twisting, and lifting.

Treatment for a disc herniation depends on the severity of the herniation and the location. Mild herniations may be managed with rest, ice, and anti-inflammatory medications. More severe herniations may require physical therapy, epidural steroid injections, or surgery. However, many disc herniations can be successfully treated with chiropractic care!

Disc herniations are a common cause of back pain and can be very painful. Early diagnosis is key to successful treatment, so it’s important to seek medical attention if you experience any of the symptoms of a disc herniation.

Suffering from a herniated disc? Get in touch today!



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