This occurs when the joints in your spine have limited range of motion. When the spinal bones move out of their normal position it is called a subluxation.
The spinal cord is the communication pathway for nerve impulses to and from the brain. These messages determine the health and function of virtually every cell, tissue, organ and system of the body.
Vertebrae protect these nerves; even a small change in the position of the spinal bones can have a profound adverse affect on these delicate nerve tissues.
There are five components of the subluxation complex:
Spinal Kinesiopathology occurs when the bones of the spine loose their normal motion and positional form. This can happen through injury, strain, poor posture or other stresses. This component will result in a decreased ability to turn or bend.
Nueropathology causes symptoms of numbness, burning, or tingling in various parts of the body and are a result of sensitive nerve tissue being squeezed, rubbed, stretched or twisted from misaligned joints.
Myopathology is commonly caused by nerve impulse impair from muscles that support the spine. Muscles weaken, atrophy, or become smaller, tighten and can go into spasm. This can result in scar tissue that permanently affects the muscle's elasticity.
Histopathology affects the soft tissue near the spine. Pressure from the vertebrae can have adverse affects including herniating the disc spaces, causing them to tear, degenerate or bulge. Ligaments often stretch or tear and other soft tissues swell and inflame. This may result in permanent damage.
Pathophysiology is a response to the body growing new bone in order to attempt to stabilize the joint. Over time these bony spurs can completely immobilize the joint causing scar tissue and long term damage or malfunction to other systems in the body.
The primary tool in treating spinal subluxations is the use of manual adjustments. This is performed by applying a precise directed force to the joint that is out of position or is not moving properly so that it can be returned to its normal position and function. This is often done with the chiropractors hand to deliver a quick, therapeutic thrust to the affected joint. It is safe, highly effective and pain free.